Kangkung

KANGKUNG

Jarak penanaman Kangkong  yang disyorkan adalah 0.20 m x 0.1 m diantara pokok.

Pengurusan Pembajaan Tanaman Kangkung

Jenis tanahJenis baja

Kadar

(tan/ha/musim)

Masa

*(MLT)

Kaedah
1. Bris
(i) Siri RuduaOrganik(tahi ayam)15 – 20-1Gaul dalam tanah
 Bukan Organik (NPK: 15:15:15)0.51,2,3Tabur di antara pokok
(ii) Siri BagingOrganik (tahi ayan)20-1Gaul dalam tanah
 Bukan Organik
(NPK: 15:15:15)
0.81,2,3Tabur di antara pokok
     
2. Tanah Bekas LombongOrganik (tahi ayam)15 – 20-1Gaul dalam tanah
 Bukan organik
(NPK: 15:15:15)
0.81,2,3Tabur di antara pokok
     
3. Tanah GambutOrganik – –
 Bukan Organik
(NPK: 15:15:15)
0.71,2Tabur di antara pokok
     
4. Tanah MineralOrganik
(Tahi ayam)
3 – 5-1Gaul dalam tanah
     
 Bukan organik
(NPK: 15:15:15)
0.5 – 0.61,2Tabur di antara pokok
     

*MLT – Minggu lepas tanam

Sumber: P. Vimala dan S.K. Chan (1990)

Kawalan Perosak Dan Penyakit

Adalah dianggarkan sejumlah 30% hasil sayur-sayuran dimusnahkan oleh serangga perosak. Cuaca panas dan lembab serta pengudaraan yang tidak mencukupi menjadikan keadaan sesuai untuk pembiakan serangga perosak serta pertumbuhan kulat dan bakteria. Musuh dan penyakit tanaman kangkung dan langkah-langkah kawalannya adalah seperti di Jadual.

 

Perosak dan Penyakit Tanaman Kangkung dan Kawalannya

Jenis Serangea/Kulat

Bahagian Diserang

Syor Kawalan

1. Serangga Kepinding mictis

(Mictis longicomis Westw.)

Menghisap cairan pokok dan menyebabkan pokok layu.

Jika perlu guna racun seperti dimethoate and cypermethrin. Musnahkan seranggan dan pokok yang diserang.

2. Penyakit

Karat putih

(Albugo-ipomoeae aqoaficae)

Terdapat bintik putih di per- mukaan bawah daun.

 

Jika perlu, gunakan racun

seperti mancozeb atau benomyl dan amalkan giliran tanaman

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