Kopi

Botani Tanaman

Tanaman yang berasal dari benua Afrika dan banyak ditanam di negera-negara yang terletak di garaisan khatulistiwa atau beriklim tropika. tanaman kopi ditanam bagi tujuan minuman. tanaman ini sesuai ditanam secara tunggal dan boleh ditanam secara integrasi bersama tanaman lain terutama tanaman kelapa.

Taksonomi:

Nama Saintifik    : Coffea sp.

Nama Tempatan: Kopi

Order                     :  Rubiales

Famili                    : Rubiaceae

3 spesies kopi utama:

  • Kopi Liberica (Coffea liberica)         – Selatan semenanjung & Sarawak
  • Kopi Robusta (Coffea cenephora) – Utara semenanjung & Sabah
  • Kopi Arabica (Coffea arabica)         – Sabah & Sarawak

Sistem & Jarak Tanaman:

a) Tanaman Tunggal

  • Kopi Liberica = 3m x 3m – 1,280 pokok/ha
  • Kopi Robusta = 2.50m x 2.75m – 1,454 pokok/ha

 

b) Tanaman Campuran bersama Kelapa

  • Kopi Liberica = 3m x 3m – 780 pokok/ha
  • Kopi Robusta = 3m x3m – 780 pokok/ha

Umur pokok (tahun)

Jenis Baja

Kadar / pokok / tahun (kg)

Masa Membaja

1

NPK

200

4 kali setahun

15:15:15

(3 bulan sekali)

GML

100

2 kali setahun

2

NPK

400

4 kali setahun

15:15:15

(3 bulan sekali)

GML

200

2 kali setahun

3

NPK

600

4 kali setahun

15:15:15

(3 bulan sekali)

GML

300

2 kali setahun

4>

NPK

800

4 kali setahun

15:15:15

(3 bulan sekali)

GML

300

2 kali setahun

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